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刚刚,特朗普结束了对中国的访问!||新华网

2017-11-10 04:18| 发布者: 咖啡沾衣| 查看: 383| 评论: 1|原作者: 心如风

摘要: 美国总统特朗普10日上午结束对中国的国事访问,乘专机离开北京。 访问期间,习近平主席和特朗普总统就中美关系和共同关心的重大国际与地区问题坦诚、深入交换了意见,就新时代中美关系发展达成了多方面重要共识, ...



美国总统特朗普10日上午结束对中国的国事访问,乘专机离开北京。


访问期间,习近平主席和特朗普总统就中美关系和共同关心的重大国际与地区问题坦诚、深入交换了意见,就新时代中美关系发展达成了多方面重要共识,会晤取得重要、丰硕成果。



新闻多看点


昨天(11月9日),商务部部长钟山在中美企业家对话会上宣布,在两国元首的正确引领下,这两天,两国企业创造了奇迹,经贸合作的金额达到2535亿美元。这既创造了中美经贸合作的纪录,也刷新了世界经贸合作史上的新纪录,这充分说明合作是中美关系发展的唯一正确选择,互利共赢符合中美两国共同利益。

2535亿美元、34个合作项目的经贸大单涉及哪些领域?
据统计,两国企业在两场签约仪式上共签署合作项目34个,金额达到2535亿美元。双方取得丰硕的商业成果,既有贸易项目,也有双向投资项目;既有货物贸易,也有服务贸易,涉及“一带一路”建设、能源、化工、环保、文化、医药、基础设施、智慧城市等广泛领域。

那么,这2535亿美元经贸大单明细究竟是怎样的?
1、中国航空器材集团公司与波音公司签署采购波音飞机的协议 总价值超过370亿美元
2、通用电气:与中国合作伙伴签署3项商业协议 总价值达35亿美元
3、高通与小米、OPPO和vivo签署协议 采购金额120亿美元
4、中核集团与美国西屋电气公司商讨合作事宜
5、中投公司与高盛集团成立中美制造业合作基金 金额50亿
6、中国或投资阿拉斯加州开发液化天然气  投资额430亿
7、美国大豆出口协会:中国同意在2017/18年度再进口1200万吨美国大豆  金额50亿美元
8、国家能源投资集团和美国西弗吉尼亚州签署投资框架协议 总额837亿
9、东华能源与特朗普访华团UOP签署合作协议  金额2.2亿美元
10、京东未来三年将在美采购农产品 金额20亿美元
11、海伦哲与美国特雷克斯公共事业设备公司签约  金额50亿元
12、福田汽车与美国迪捷集团签署《智慧城市交通解决方案备忘录》
13、摩拜单车与美国陶氏化学签谅解备忘录
(以上内容综合多家媒体和官方网站)
不过,这只是“习特会”的成果之一。昨天习近平主席与特朗普总统共同会见记者时表示,特朗普总统对中国的国事访问是一次成功的历史性访问,为今后一个时期中美关系的发展明确了方向、规划了蓝图。这次“习特会”的成果远远不止2500亿美元大单,还谈成了这些大事!

1定调中美关系:合作是中美两国唯一正确选择

“习特会”为中美关系定了调。双方认为,中美关系事关两国人民福祉,也关乎世界的和平、稳定、繁荣。合作是中美两国唯一正确选择,共赢才能通向更好未来。


2双方同意加强两国高层及各级别交往

如何推动中美关系发展?双方同意继续发挥元首外交对两国关系的战略引领作用,加强两国高层及各级别交往,充分发挥4个高级别对话机制作用,拓展经贸、两军、执法、人文等领域交流合作,加强在重大国际和地区问题上的沟通和协调。



3特朗普重申美方将继续奉行一个中国政策

台湾问题是中美关系中最重要、最敏感的核心问题,也事关中美关系的政治基础。习近平指出,希望美方继续恪守一个中国原则,防止中美关系大局受到干扰。


特朗普给出了清晰明确的回应。他表示,美国政府坚持奉行一个中国政策。
4双方同意扩大经贸、投资、能源等领域合作

双方同意,扩大经贸、投资、能源等领域合作。双方将就中美经济合作一年计划或中长期合作规划保持沟通。


中美双方愿进一步加强宏观经济政策包括财政、货币和汇率政策的协调。
5双方致力于扩大两军各层级交往与对话

两国元首重申了两军关系的重要性,致力于扩大两军各层级交往与对话。
双方同意办好年内举行的两军联合参谋部对话机制首次对话和人道主义救援减灾联合实兵演练和研讨交流。
6双方将加强网络安全合作

双方同意两国继续执行2015年达成的网络安全合作五点共识。



双方将加强网络反恐和打击网络儿童淫秽信息、电子邮件欺诈、网络窃取企业知识产权案件等方面合作。
7双方将共同努力促进中美双向留学

双方将共同努力促进中美双向留学,推动两国教育机构和学者间的交流合作。


中方将实施“优秀美国学生短期留学中国计划”,未来4年向美国提供一万个学分生奖学金名额。
双方欢迎每年在两国举办“中美青年创客大赛”,并在两国新设若干“中美青年创客交流中心”。
8双方同意推动科技、文化等领域合作

双方欢迎《中美科技合作协定》及早续签。


双方将召开“中美环境合作联委会会议”,致力于支持双方艺术和文化机构建立长效沟通与合作,包括举办文化交流活动。
9双方同意推动卫生领域合作

双方同意开展关于防治艾滋病、新发和再发传染病等领域的合作。


双方同意快速、持续分享可能引发大规模传染的流感病毒,并制定清晰的流程和时间表。
10两国元首表示支持维护南海和平稳定

两国元首表示支持维护南海和平稳定,支持根据公认的国际法,包括1982年《联合国海洋法公约》,基于友好谈判协商和平解决争议,支持通过对话管控争议。


双方支持维护各国依据国际法享有的航行和飞越自由,同意在海洋环保等领域开展更多对话与合作。
11双方重申致力于促进亚太地区和平、稳定与繁荣

两国元首重申致力于促进亚太地区的和平、稳定与繁荣,决定继续探讨关于改善两国互动的基本原则。


12双方将合作推动实现朝鲜半岛无核化的目标

双方同意致力于维护国际核不扩散体系,重申致力于实现全面、可核查、不可逆的半岛无核化目标,不承认朝鲜拥核国地位。


双方同意就下步半岛形势发展及中美应采取的措施保持沟通,并继续通过现有机制加强沟通与合作。双方强调在通过对话谈判最终解决半岛核问题上有共同目标,并致力于维护半岛和平稳定。
13双方同意拓展反恐合作

双方重申反对一切形式的恐怖主义,同意在双向互利的基础上拓展反恐合作,包括开展反恐情报交流等。


双方同意向伊拉克提供帮助,支持伊和平重建和恢复稳定。
14双方同意开展联合追逃行动

双方计划继续开展定期会晤和建立工作组,确定重点案件,减少藏匿在本国的对方国家逃犯数量。为此,双方同意尽快确定重点在美逃犯案件,开展联合追逃行动。


来源:新华社、央视新闻、人民日报客户端、观察者网






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引用 心如风 2017-11-10 03:51
本帖最后由 心如风 于 2017-11-10 04:13 编辑

摘自推特:川-习会谈中,川普拒绝了习进平提出的中美加强联合执法合作的提议。川普拒绝了习近平有关加强执法力量与引渡逃犯的合作、拒绝了停止对台军售的要求、川普强烈要求中国遏制毒品、在南中国海遵行国际法。双方均未提及个别案例如郭文贵等。


Bill Gertz‏:(自由灯塔)Trump in China opposed request for closer law enforcement ties over illegal Beijing operations in US。
Trump, at Summit, Opposed Closer Law Enforcement Ties with China

President pressed Chinese leader to curb exports of opioid drug fentanyl



The Trump administration rejected China's appeal during the summit in Beijing to develop closer law enforcement ties amid concerns over Beijing's illegal operations in America against fugitives.
President Trump also pressed supreme Chinese leader Xi Jinping to curb exports of the drug fentanyl that has been fueling the deadly opioid crisis in the United States, according to a senior White House official in Beijing who took part in the summit.
The president also told Xi, who last month further consolidated power in a turnover of members of the seven-member Politburo standing committee, that the United States will not end arms sales to Taiwan and will continue providing defensive weaponry to the island, the official said during a telephone briefing at the end of the summit.
Chinese opposition to American arms sales to Taiwan was raised "obliquely" by the Chinese during talks Wednesday, the official said.
Trump on Thursday hailed the day-and-a-half summit a success on U.S. issues of curbing North Korea's nuclear missile programs and on balancing trade ties. The president tweeted that he hopes to build a stronger relationship with China in the coming months and years.
The president was scheduled to depart Beijing for Vietnam Friday morning. In a speech, Trump will lay out America's vision for a free and open Indo-Pacific region.
China sought to flatter Trump during the visit in hopes of winning concessions from the president on issues such as accepting China's territorial claims to disputed waters and toward recognizing China as a major world power.
Tensions with North Korea continue to be high as three U.S. aircraft-carrier strike groups are conducting exercises this week in the Sea of Japan.
"Today, President Xi and I discussed ways we can enhance coordination to better counter the deadly drug trade and to stop the lethal flow of poisonous drugs into our countries and into our communities," said Trump at a joint press briefing with Xi.
The senior official said Trump raised Chinese fentanyl exports in every meeting, noting the drug contributed to 20,000 drug overdose deaths last year.
"Chinese fentanyl that has been smuggled into our country," the official said, noting some progress in China's commitment to work much more aggressively to rein in the drug exports. A significant amount of Chinese fentanyl is coming into the United States from Mexico as well as directly through the mail from China.
The president made no mention of law enforcement cooperation or China's sub rosa intelligence operations against fugitives codenamed "fox hunt" by FBI counterspies.
Xi, however, announced in his formal remarks after the meeting that the two nations had agreed "neither wants to become a safe haven for each other's fugitives, and will instruct competent authorities of the two countries to actively explore a long-term cooperation mechanism regarding fugitive assets recovery and repatriation of illegal immigrants."
"We did not agree to such a mechanism," the senior American official said. "And we were fairly forthright in reminding the Chinese that we are a country that enjoys the rule of law, not rule by law."
The official said the U.S. side made clear to the Chinese that "we are not going to tolerate activities on our shores that violate our laws."
"And we've seen some overreach by China," the official added, referring to Chinese intelligence and security activities in the United States.
China in recent years has been conducting aggressive security operations inside the United States in a search for both criminals and political dissidents. For example, a senior Chinese security official and several others were detained briefly by the FBI in New York in May for violating travel restrictions and for extortion after meeting with dissident Chinese businessman Guo Wengui.
The State Department, however, intervened to block the FBI from arresting the Chinese. However, the officials' phones and computers were seized.
"It is a criminal offense for an individual, other than a diplomatic or consular officer or attaché, to act in the United States as an agent of a foreign power without prior notification to the Attorney General," a Justice Department official told the Wall Street Journal regarding the Chinese operation in New York that averted a major international row.
Attorney General Jeff Sessions also criticized China during a meeting in October with a senior Chinese security official after Beijing was linked to the hacking of the computer networks of the Hudson Institute think tank. The institute came under cyber attack for hosting a conference with Guo, which was later canceled by Hudson under pressure from China.
The official did not comment directly when asked if the Chinese pressed the U.S. side to return Guo Wengui, who since January has become an outspoken critic of high-level corruption among the Chinese leaders, including disclosure of secrets that have come from inside the political police and intelligence apparatus.
China has engaged in a major covert influence campaign against Guo that has included pressuring American social media companies to silence Guo outlets and using American business leaders with interests in China to lobby Trump to repatriate Guo.
In one Chinese operation, hackers believed to be linked to Beijing penetrated the computer system of Guo's lawyer and stole his application for political asylum and posted it on Twitter.
Guo said in a statement that China has been seeking long-term law enforcement cooperation for years, and Beijing interprets the cooperation as "jointly enforcing laws."
"China knows the U.S will never agree to it but keeps pushing it," he said. "The purpose is to put on a show domestically for the ruler's political enemies, and to scare the Chinese people. It is a psychological warfare."
Guo said China has sought to create "fake harmonious relations" with the United States through this effort. "It is a distraction, just like North Korea is a distraction," he said.
Guo said sources in China told him that he was not specifically mentioned by Xi in his meeting with Trump, an indication of the declining influence of Politburo member and anticorruption czar Wang Qishan, who retired from all official posts last month amid corruption allegations regarding his finances that was presented by Guo.
On Taiwan arms sales, the senior official said there were no discussions of issuing a fourth U.S.-China communique on Taiwan, or talk of a "grand bargain" with China to resolve the Taiwan issue.
The island nation is a de facto separate country, but China regards Taiwan as a breakaway province and has vowed to reunite it with the mainland.
"The president spoke of our one China policy based on the three communiqués and the Taiwan Relations Act, so we're going to continue providing defensive weapons commensurate with our obligations under the law," the official said.
The talks also included discussion of Chinese investment in the United States that is relatively unfettered compared with unfair Chinese restrictions on American investment in China.
The senior official said the Chinese raised the issue of expected tighter controls on Chinese investment through the Treasury Department-led Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States, or CFIUS.
Under Trump, CFIUS has taken a tougher stance in restricting Chinese attempts to purchase sensitive technology through acquisition of American companies.
"We're of course looking at reforming CFIUS and looking at other tools in our toolkit, and made clear to the Chinese side that some of those tool boxes have been in the basement for awhile but are still sharp and shiny," the official said. "And we're going to use the authorities that we have under our laws to mitigate the effects of China's grossly unfair economic relationship with us."
Legislation was introduced in Congress this week that would modernize the government's national security review.
Chinese investment in the United States increased more than 900 percent between 2010 and 2016, according to a key sponsor of the legislation, Rep. Robert Pittenger (R., N.C.). "Much of this investment was part of a strategic, coordinated, Chinese government effort to target critical American infrastructure," he said.
On North Korea, China agreed to "maintain pressure" on North Korea, the official said.
Some progress was made in pressing Beijing to do more in curbing North Korean nuclear and missile programs but the administration will be closely watching to see if the commitment is carried out.
Trump also raised U.S. concerns about Chinese encroachment in the South China Sea during his meetings, specifically the need to allow freedom of navigation and for China to follow international law.






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